What equipment do you need to start hand quilting? Well, there are lots of different views on this, so I will share what works for me.


14″ quilting hoop, bound with tape

I prefer to use a hoop to hold the part of my quilt that I am working on.

The best hoop to start with is a hand-held hoop – this is not expensive, and you will be able to have a go at the technique and discover whether you enjoy hand quilting, without spending a great deal of money.

A quilting hoop is similar to an embroidery hoop, but much bigger. It is in two parts; a solid ring and a slightly larger split ring which can be expanded around the thick layers, and tightened with a screw and a wing nut.

You can also get rectangular, clip frames made from white plastic.

This video shows how to use a simple hand-held hoop.

Hoops come in different sizes. A smaller hoop (e.g. 14″ across) is lighter, and easier to manipulate, but will need to be moved along more frequently. Ideally, the whole of the motif that you are working on should fit within the hoop – remembering that you will not be able to stitch within 1 – 2″ of the hoop.

This 10″ motif fits nicely within a 14″ hoop.

A larger hoop can be useful if you are stitching long straight lines such as a grid – you will very quickly stitch across the hoop, so a larger hoop means that you can stitch further before needing to move the hoop along. However, it can be more awkward to hold – and you need to check that you can reach easily with your underneath hand to most areas of the working area. This will depend on the length of your forearm from your elbow – my arms are quite long, so I can work in a hoop up to 18″ comfortably, but you will need to check before you buy.

I can easily reach most areas of the quilt underneath this 18″ hoop

If you can’t manage a larger hoop, you can stitch several lines at once, leaving the threaded needles in the work near the edge of the hoop to continue working once the hoop is moved.

Remember to have enough “spare” of your layered fabrics around the edge of your quilt top to still be held securely in the hoop when you are stitching near the edge and corners. You will need at least 6 – 8″ (preferably a bit more) particularly in a round hoop. If you remember, cut your top, wadding and backing fabric and backing fabric to include this extra – can you see there is a semicircle of “spare” beyond the end of my stitching on the project above? However, this can be quite expensive in terms of fabric on a large project, so another option is shown below:

Make one or two small extension pieces using similar fabrics and wadding. These can be safety pinned on temporarily to fill the areas of the hoop beyond the edge of your quilt, as shown above.

Floor standing hoops

If you discover that you enjoy hand quilting, you may decide to move onto a floor standing hoop, so that your work is supported without you having to hold the weight.

This is much more expensive, but a worthwhile investment. The hoop can swivel round on the central ball bearing, so that the work can be turned in any direction – a bonus if (like me) you find it much easier to stitch in some directions than others!

The height of this frame can be adjusted to the most comfortable working position.

I prefer to work with the hoop almost horizontal, but you can tilt it towards you if that is your preference. It can also be tilted right over if you need to get to the back. You will notice that this “hoop” is fact almost square – this increases the size of your working area, and makes stitching near the edge of your quilt much easier.

Don’t stretch the quilt too tightly in the frame – it should be flexible enough to move up and down easily while stitching, as shown below:

Good alternatives include hoops on a shorter stand with a flat paddle that you sit on, or which have a frame or a bean bag that rests on your lap to raise up and support the quilting

Most quilt shops don’t keep any of these free-standing frames in stock, which is a nuisance, as it is best to check that you can adjust it to a suitable height and position which is comfortable for you to work. You will probably need to hunt around the internet for one that is new or second-hand. If you discover that a possible supplier is coming to one of the big shows, specifically ask them to bring one for you to try – they are unlikely to bring any otherwise, and if you like it, that will save on postage as well.

Full size floor frames

Traditionally, all quilting was done in a large rectangular frame which was the full width of the quilt. The wide strip visible in the frame is quilted, and then the completed area is rolled onto the pole at the front to expose a new area. One big advantage is that tacking (basting) the layers together is not always necessary! However, as you can’t turn the frame round, you need to learn how to quilt in any direction. .

Although quite a lot of quilters in the USA still use these (particularly when quilting in a group), most British houses are not large enough to have one set up all the time, and they are not common here.

This photo shows Margaret Nichol quilting on a full size frame, which only just fits in the room. She and her husband Aidan worked for months to create an accurate replica of a Georgian wholecloth quilt made by “Joe the Quilter” owned by Beamish Museum.

This page is part of a set about Hand Quilting Basics.

Click on the links to discover more:

If you would like to try hand quilting, there is a beautiful Feathered Hearts design in my Shop, which would be a lovely way to start.


  1. Gavin Cox

    Brilliant series I’m binge reading and watching, my next quilt is going to be a superking ……. wouldn’t be able to afford to send it off to be quilted and definitely it’s not going to fit through my machine ! Thank you so much I’d love to know where your frame came from ? I admire those quilters in Gee’s Bend the way they sit on the porch and stitch as a group and gossip working as a team to finish their quilts.

    1. Carolyn Gibbs Post author

      Wow – you’ll be more expert than me by the time you’ve finished quilting a superking by hand! I bought my swivelling hoop on a frame a few years ago, but unfortunately the Grace company don’t make them any more.